The plantagenet line of kings, which had started with henry ii of england r. Richard iii of england biography famous people in history. Read a plot overview of the entire play or a scene by scene summary and analysis. In shakespeares version, for one thing, both henry and edward leave widows. Thomas mores history of king richard iii the british.
Loyalty, the story of king richard iiis life, and honour, which follows francis, lord lovell in the aftermath of bosworth. The remains of king richard iii remained under the ground, where they had been buried, until they were discovered in an archaeological dig in september 2012. The coffin of king richard iii stands in leicester cathedral ahead of the reinterment of his bones. Brother, protector, king and examine the historiography that has led to him being one of britains most maligned monarchs. The maligned king the history press, 2009, who said. Where richard iii is concerned i summarise it by saying we are dealing with an amalgam of deduction, surmise, conjecture and cynicism viewed through the propaganda of his enemies. After effectively being lost to history for over 500. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Most contained new evidence or new interpretations. Richard iii 2 october 1452 22 august 1485 was king of england and lord of ireland from 1483 until his death in 1485.
Carson does not promise hard answers about the mysteries surrounding the final years of the plantagenets, but she does provide the reader with a thorough analysis of the sources with new ideas about what could have happened. As king, richards chief ambition was to join the third crusade, prompted by saladins capture of jerusalem in 1187. English car park where remains of richard iii were. The battle over richard iiis bonesand his reputation. He was hunchbacked but did not have a crippled arm.
See a complete list of the characters in richard iii and indepth analyses of richard iii, the princes, and margaret. More moved away from the form of medieval chronicles to a dramatic writing style. The detective novel that convinced a generation richard iii wasnt evil. Richard iii was a child when his family, the house of york, engaged in battle against the lancastrians for control of the country. In the mystery novel the murders of richard iii by elizabeth peters 1974 the central plot revolves around the debate as to whether richard iii was guilty of these and other crimes. John published several books on medieval history and numerous research articles. Richard by carol ann duffy carol ann duffy the guardian.
This unit was developed following the exciting discovery in 20 of the remains of the last plantagenet king of england, richard iii. Learn more about richard iiis life and reign in this article. The detective novel that convinced a generation richard. The history of king richard iii by thomas more goodreads. Scholar, politician, and onetime favorite of the court of henry viii, sir thomas more is best known for his utopia.
Since then, many famous actors have played him on stage and in films, including laurence. Jan 07, 2015 langleys defence of richard was echoed by fellow great lives guest annette carson, author of richard iii. The study suggests that as one might expect he feasted lavishly on luxury foods and wine after he became king during the last two years of his life, before being killed at the age of 32 at the battle of bosworth in 1485. Heres where youll find analysis about the play as a whole. He usurped the throne of his nephew edward v in 1483 and perished in defeat to henry tudor. A leading more scholar, he is author of the meaning of mores utopia. Richard iii is the most famous english king to be found under a parking lot. Mores account which dramatised conflicts, provided descriptions of both body and mind. Apr 08, 2017 i compare and contrast king john to richard iii, another controversial english king. Thomas more a public servant who from 1518 served on henry viiis privy council and later became lord chancellor wrote his history of king richard iii.
Born in england on october 2, 1452, richard iii served as king of england for only two years, but his reign was one of the most historic and. Bibliography of the historyhistoria of king richard iii. The history of king richard iii is a powerful portrayal of a monstrous ruler and a fascinating insight into the mind and motivations of its author. A sympathetic portrayal of richard iii is given in the founding 1980, the first volume in the morland dynasty series by cynthia harrodeagles. King richard iii arden shakespeare third the arden shakespeare. Focusing on the final years of richard iiis life, sir thomas more depicts a man richard iiis reputation stands as one of the most evil men in. The 500yearold remains of englands king richard iii were found under a car park in leicester.
John buck, an ancestor, had fought and died for his king at bosworth. A new facial reconstruction of king richard iii, based on the bones unearthed beneath a parking lot in leicester, england, show the vilified monarch in a kinder, gentler light. The detective novel that convinced a generation richard iii. Richard iii society american branch dedicated to the study of the life and a reassessment of the reputation of richard iii and a study of fifteenthcentury english history and culture. Nov 03, 2005 the history of king richard the third is thomas mores english masterpiece. Mar 24, 2015 the detective novel that convinced a generation richard iii wasnt evil. Mores account which dramatised conflicts, provided descriptions of both body and mind, and looked for causes as well as recording facts was. May 14, 2019 richard iii was a child when his family, the house of york, engaged in battle against the lancastrians for control of the country. Richard iii is one of english historys best known and least understood monarchs. Some would argue that a true biography is impossible because the letters and. One, advanced by katherine elwes thomas in 1930 and adopted by robert ripley, posits that humpty dumpty is king richard iii of england, depicted as humpbacked in tudor histories and particularly in shakespeares play, and who was defeated, despite his armies, at bosworth field in 1485. Richard iii may have died an unloved king, humiliated in death, tossed naked into a tiny grave and battered by history. Richard iii is shown as a shadowy king, arche tyrant. Buy the history of king richard iii by more, thomas, webb, simon isbn.
Be the first to ask a question about the history of king richard iii. Siemon also places king richard iii in its historical context. A principal source for shakespeares richard iii, though it doesnt give an accurate portrait of king richard. An important book, written in the early renaissance. It depicts the machiavellian rise to power and subsequent short reign of king richard iii. Aug 29, 2018 the last yorkist king of england, richard iii met a grisly fate during the battle of bosworth field in 1485, marking an end to both his brief, but brutal twoyear reign and the threedecadelong. If you put all the data together, the evidence is overwhelming that these are the remains of richard iii. Richard iii, the great villain of english history, is due. British army pallbearers carried a coffin containing the exhumed remains of king richard iii to his final resting place. However, the bard took considerable artistic license and the facts are not quite as bloody. Richard iii was none of these and this book is an excellent discussion about the real man behind the rumours.
Yes i know more is a saint and all, but that doesnt make this work worth while. How a detective novel led to the rediscovery of richard iii the. To finance this, he sold sheriffdoms and other offices and in 1190 he departed. Chris skidmore, mp and former minister for universities, puts his history hat on to discuss his biography of richard iii. The history of king richard iii was a hatchet job designed to explore the nature of power, leading to tyranny, and the sin that made such despotism.
Richard iii and the princes in the tower alison weir. He was the last king of the house of york and the last of the plantagenet dynasty. Richard iii, the last plantagenet and yorkist king of england. Editions of the history of king richard iii by thomas more. He usurped the throne of his nephew edward v in 1483 and perished in defeat to henry tudor thereafter henry vii at the battle of bosworth field. Dec 06, 2015 buy the history of king richard iii by more, thomas, webb, simon isbn. Aug 29, 2018 king of england for just two years, richard iii died in battle against the rival house of tudor in august 1485. Thomas mores history of king richard iii the british library. The history of king richard the third indiana university press. Mores unfinished history of king richard iii holds an important place in english. Always a controversial figure who is great for a few lessons of study, this discovery reopened the debate about whether his reputation as the most evil king in british history is justly deserved. A terrific edition, ideal for purpose, putting mores richard iii back into circulation at low cost with.
Jan 12, 2009 when the king died, the lord chamberlain took her, which in the king s days, albeit he was sore enamored upon her, yet he forbare her, either for reverence or for a certain friendly faithfulness. Was richard iii a good king or a bad king, and what do we. From acclaimed historian chris skidmore comes the authoritative biography of richard iii, englands most controversial king, a man alternately praised as a saint and cursed as a villain. History of king richard iii wikisource, the free online library. In the last major battle of the war of the roses, king richard iii is defeated and killed at the battle of bosworth field by henry tudor, the earl of richmond. The cathedrals page on richard iiis background and history begins king richard iii was born at the castle in fotheringhay on 2 october 1452, the youngest of three brothers. In the years following his death at age 32, his opponents circulated defamatory. Nov 03, 2005 the history of king richard iii is a renaissance history, remarkable more for its literary skill and adherence to classical precepts than for its historical accuracy. The events of this civil warincluding the murders of king henry and prince edward by the york brothers, and the earlier killing of the earl of rutland by henrys familyare important background to richard iii. Ivthough perhaps fall short of answering whether they were murdered by their uncle richard iii. Sep 15, 2012 the history of king richard iii was a hatchet job designed to explore the nature of power, leading to tyranny, and the sin that made such despotism possible. Richard iii gets a kingly burial, on second try the new. Thomas more a public servant who from 1518 served on henry viiis privy council and later became lord chancellor wrote his history of king richard iii between around 15 and 1518. Richard iii of england ancient history encyclopedia.
On 17 20 august 1483 he stayed at leicester castle. Had he not been the last of the plantagenets and had 1485 not come to be regarded as a turning point in english history, the events of the previous few months would have merged into the narrative of what was a turbulent century. One of these, paul murray kendalls 1955 biography of the king, was the. Dec 02, 2014 however, there are a wealth of other details linking the body to the plantagenet king.
Plantagenet, afterwards duke of gloucester and, later still, king richard iii. Richard iii is a historical play by william shakespeare believed to have been written around 1593. King richard iii will be reinterred in leicester cathedral. History of king richard iii written in his teeth research. Richard iii is a play by william shakespeare that was first performed in 1633. The history of king richard the third is thomas mores english masterpiece. We know king richard iii visited leicester at least 4 times during his short reign. New richard iii mystery comes to light in analyzing the newly found remains of richard iii, geneticists have uncovered evidence of adultery among at least one of his relatives. While there is a debate about whether richard iii was unfairly maligned by tudor historians, john is consistently presented as a villain in both the history books and popular culture. Richard iii, the great villain of english history, is due a. This long and bloody civil conflict is known as the war of the roses.
A natural history, which was shortlisted for the asle creative book award and rated as one of the top five science books of 20 by library journal. Richard iiis dna throws up infidelity surprise bbc news. The history of king richard iii by sir george buck was written in 1619 but the manuscript remained unedited and unpublished when he died three years later. But with two british cities trying to claim the last plantagenet kings.
He also discovered the mtdna sequence of king richard iii. It is a piece of spin, based on hearsay, and intended to contribute to the trashing of the reputation of king richard iii. King richard iii carolyn harris historian and author. With the help of shakespeare, whose richard the third took mores work as its principal model, the history determined the historical reputation of an english king and spawned a seemingly endless controversy about the justness of that reputation. Richard was, in fact, the youngest of four brothers edward, edmund, george and richard. The history of king richard iii richard iii society. Apr 10, 2014 matthew lewis is the author of a brief biography of richard iii, a glimpse of king richard iii along with a brief overview of the wars of the roses, a glimpse of the wars of the roses. A corrupt version by his great nephew of the same name appeared in 16467. King richard iii has been portrayed as a tyrant and killer, largely due to the play by william shakespeare. Richard iii background and history leicester cathedral.
Contents cover about the book about the author also by alison weir illustrations dedication title page epigraph foreword to the 2014 edition author s preface. The chemistry of king richard iiis bones and teeth has shed light on how his social status, diet and where he lived changed during his life. William shakespeare wrote an entire play about this allegedly hunchbacked monarch. He wrote lobster, which was acclaimed by the new york times and the wall street journal, and the devils cormorant.
There is no doubt that shakespeare drew heavily on sir thomas mores account of richard iii as a criminal and tyrant as. Dr john ashdownhill john was a historian and author, and for many years was a member of the richard iii society executive committee. Richard iii, the king of england from 1483 until his death in 1485, was the last king of the plantagenet dynasty. The history of king richard the thirde vnfinished writen by master thomas more than one of the. Learn more about richard iii s life and reign in this article. Richard iii of england ruled as king from 1483 to 1485 ce.921 44 1299 1261 456 609 1202 11 917 927 667 288 539 1251 1409 1154 1518 61 1028 288 152 87 1271 1200 279 293 1545 1590 484 1146 1469 1212 1219 1392 976 985 842 852 391 256 756 389 34